At what age does baby see?
While the child already hears very well at birth, his vision is far from perfect … In the past, it was even thought that he saw nothing at all during the first two weeks of life! We know now that this is false: the newborn sees when it comes into being, even if it is not very clear. Fortunately, his vision will be refined fairly quickly as he grows up. The point on the evolution of baby view month by month.
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Baby’s vision at birth
At birth, the baby’s vision is blurred, and he sees only what is right in front of him: his visual field does not exceed 20 to 30 centimeters. Moreover, he does not yet perceive the colors: indeed, the cones (photosensitive cells of the eye) used for the perception of colors have not yet developed. We assume that he sees practically only black and white. Moreover, the light disturbs baby as soon as it becomes a little too sharp: by reflex, it often closes the eyes.
However, your baby is already able to see the contrasts (he will certainly be interested if you show him objects that are clearly black and white like the pieces of a chessboard). Rest assured: even though his vision is still limited, It is already sufficient for him to distinguish and recognize your face when you hold it in your arm! Also, it will quickly associate with your portrait a set of smells and sounds that will allow it to identify you easily.
The baby’s vision at one month
Towards the 5 th week of life, your baby should begin to see bright colors: first red, then green. His vision also refines, and becomes clearer, even though he can not yet distinguish the details.
Baby’s vision at two months
At two months of age, your baby’s field of vision widens: he can see up to 60 centimeters, at an angle of around 30 °. As he sees further, baby realizes the existence of more and more amazing things for him. What to tickle his curiosity and interest in his environment! Your face remains the primary source of attention: during this period, you will see the first big smiles of the baby when he looks at you!
Baby’s vision at three months
Your child’s field of vision continues to grow. It also distinguishes colors better: it can even differentiate between very similar colors such as green and blue. He also moves his head much more to follow your movements of the eyes and is more and more interested in the world around him (example: he fixes his toys).
The vision of baby at four months
To 4 months, the field of view of your child has expanded further. He can now perceive the yellow color, and his vision is also much clearer, near and far. Also, he gradually begins to make the connection between his eyes and his little hands, which he enjoys stirring in front of them. In other words, he understands that he can catch what he sees! At this point, the sight of your baby is already much closer to that of adults than it was at birth. Even if there is still a little way to go before having a lynx eye …
Baby vision at 5-6 months
At five months, the baby finally acquired binocular vision. Concretely, this means that it can also see on the sides and that it perceives the reliefs much better! Also, he gratefully catches all the toys you give him. It can also see other colors like pink. Also, its visual field widens much until reaching 60 ° around six months. His perception of details and distances also progressed considerably.
From 12 months
Towards the end of her first year, the baby has acquired a vision similar to that of the adult. He can even follow the eyes of objects that move very quickly, like the cars during his walk!
Detect visual defects
From an early age, toddlers are not immune to vision problems, such as strabismus. Fortunately, it is often possible to correct them easily if they are taken care of quickly by an ophthalmologist. Do not hesitate to consult:
- If your baby squints;
- If he never follows a person’s gaze, always keeps his eyes in the vague;
- If you notice abnormal eye movements (e.g., jerky movements);
- If his eyes are red;
- If an eye regularly tears.
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