Baby with Chickenpox: If a child has the misfortune to have chicken pox, it is the whole assembly that takes advantage of it … If your child catches this infantile disease, you will have to be vigilant … Symptoms, apart from the pimples? How long does the disease last? Parents tell you everything.
You may also be interested in: Treat your child’s cold with homeopathy
Chickenpox: learn all about this disease
The chickenpox is part of childhood diseases most common. Very contagious, it spreads at high speed between children: almost 90% of children get chickenpox before the age of 8 years. This is not necessarily a drama … Indeed, the varicella of the young child is, except in exceptional circumstances, much less dangerous than that of the adult. It is nevertheless essential to recognize it at the earliest in baby and to treat it! To help you, here are the basics of what you need to know about child chicken pox.
How does baby catch chicken pox?
The Chickenpox is caused by a virus of the family of herpes: herpes zoster. The virus spreads mostly via small drops of saliva or mucus discharged into the air during a sneeze. Worn by air, the virus can spread from room to room. In this way, only one child is infected to infect a whole nursery or several classes of a school … More rarely, the contagion may be due to the consumption of contaminated food or to direct contact with the buttons of a child contagious.
The symptoms of chickenpox in baby take a fortnight to appear after the contamination. Baby has a fever, it is drained and can have a runny nose. On its skin look red buttons that evolve over the days. After the redness, these small lesions fill with liquid (which contains many viruses) and eventually form crusts. Pimples of different stages are present all over the body, and they itch a lot.
It also happens that baby is contaminated in utero. This occurs if the mother catches chickenpox during the first five months of pregnancy or a few days before delivery. The consequences of the combination ” pregnancy and varicella ” can be cumbersome for the child (severe malformations or even death of the baby). This case is fortunately very rare: 9 out of 10 mothers having had chickenpox during childhood, they are immunized against the virus.
How is childhood varicella diagnosed?
The diagnosis of chickenpox young child is usually made in the office of a pediatrician or general practitioner. The doctor will start by analyzing the clinical symptoms: temperature measurement, pimple research … It is not always easy: some children have only one chicken pox. Others, less fortunate, have everywhere: between the toes, on the scalp and even in the mouth! Usually, the little examination of the pimples – and the fact that there is an outbreak of varicella in the area – allows the doctor to make his diagnosis. In the case of doubt, it takes a sample of the liquid contained in the buttons for analysis. If the child is also prone to severe pain in the stomach or head, The Doctor is looking for a possible (and rare) complication of chicken pox as an encephalitis. These complications only affect babies with deficient immune systems.
How to fight baby chickenpox?
To prevent chickenpox in the baby, there is a very useful anti-varicella vaccine to protect it. Immunization can be done urgently within 2 or 3 days of contact with a contagious child. If the baby already has chicken pox, it is most important to treat the symptoms. The fever should be fought with paracetamol (no aspirin in case of chicken pox!) And by the regularly moisturizing baby.
Another priority: prevent your little one from scratching, if not stationary to the definitive scars! Also, scratching favors superinfection … A homeopathic treatment or antihistamines help to decrease the itching of the baby. One to two showers a day, short and warm, can also relieve it. Preferably weave loose clothing and cut nails. In the case of force majeure, you can also put mittens on your child to prevent him from scratching! If there is superinfection, the doctor will put the baby on antibiotics.It is also important to keep the baby away from the Other children during its contagious period. Baby is contagious on average two days before the pimples come out.
We recommend reading the article: Help, my child wakes up at night