Why is baby drooling a lot?
After a few months, your baby has changed a lot. He wakes up to the world around him and smiles at you willingly. Only small “hic” on the board: it drools a lot. Nothing serious of course, but this excess of saliva reaches his clothes and ends up irritating his chin. What is the process of salivation? Why does your child still salivate as much as three months? The reasons differ according to age and cause.
The function of the salivary glands
The production of saliva by the salivary glands begins around 2-3 months. They, therefore, produce saliva, an aqueous mixture composed of proteins, mineral salts and electrolytes. A liter of daily saliva will invade the baby’s mouth. The salivary glands are not active from birth since the baby then feeds exclusively on milk, maternal or substitution. Liquid foods that do not require the entire digestive system to be started. It is therefore by anticipation of the diversification of foods and their textures that the human body engages the cogs of digestion, of which saliva is an essential element. Indeed, it is this which is the first link of this chain since the foods impregnated with saliva will be more easily assimilated then.
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Causes of hypersalivation
Before eight weeks, the baby does not salivate. From the moment his salivary glands work, he will have to learn to manage with this new element in his mouth. This means swallowing outside the feedings. A mechanism that becomes a reflex at the age of 2 or 3 years. Meanwhile, the baby will try to coordinate the tongue, jaws, cheeks, and lips to absorb this liquid. A process that almost half the children take the time to master. That is why they drool. The phenomenon fades after a few weeks and can reappear episodically during dental flare-ups, during which the gums are swollen and painful. The saliva then intervenes as calming irritation and as a brake on the development of bacteria.
There are other factors of hypersalivation: your child often remains open mouth, blissful admiration for everything he discovers. He forgets to swallow and lets out the excess of drool. It is also the period when he sees with all these senses, including taste. It carries everything to the mouth and stimulates its salivary glands each time. If he sucks his thumb or is adept at the pacifier, the position of his tongue in the presence of these foreign bodies will not facilitate swallowing, and he will drool.
How to react to this excess of drool?
There are no real solutions to hypersalivation. This is just a reflex not yet acquired. If this symptom is not a cause for concern, you must ensure that your child is comfortable. The first reflex to adopt: leave him a bib permanently to prevent him from soaking his pajamas and clothes. In order not to let his mouth and his chin too wet, regularly pass him a soft tissue, type large, by light pressures. This excessive moisture can also cause small irritations with pimples on the chin. In this case, apply a gentle antiseptic to disinfect and resist redness. Otherwise, be patient. One day, your child will stop drooling, maybe at one year. Some drool up to 3 years. Beyond this period, if the symptom persists, You can go to a speech therapist who will teach your child to reposition his tongue or to breathe more systematically through the nose to decrease saliva production. Stopping the thumb or pacifier is also critical to preventing hypersalivation.
Not to be confused with regurgitation
Hypersalivation is a phenomenon independent of regurgitation. The latter is materialized by the rejection of milk by the baby. After feeding or feeding the baby, it spits milk, sometimes by great broths. A phenomenon due to the failure of the “flap” of the upper part of the stomach which prevents reflux in the esophagus. Again, nothing serious, it just takes your child’s digestive system to mature, around one year. In the meantime, you can, according to your pediatrician’s recommendations, thicken your milk, offer an anti-reflux 15 minutes before feeding or an oesophageal dressing afterward. In the lying position, slightly raise the head to facilitate the “descent” of the milk.
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