My baby has a crying eye, what can I do?
Having a tearful eye is very common in small children, especially before the age of 1 year. What are the possible reasons? How to solve the problem? The point in this article!
The classic cause: an immature lacrimal system
Often, only one eye is affected, but both eyes can be reached. In most cases, the problem is simply due to a minor malfunction of your baby’s still-immature lachrymal system. Thus, your child’s eye can just produce too much tear fluid, which then escapes from the eye in the form of tears (lacrimation by hypersecretion), but most often it is the lacrimal duct that is obstructed By a small membrane (located at the internal angle of the eyelid, this canal usually serves to evacuate the lacrimal fluid naturally). Sometimes, the child also presents a combination of these two problems …
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What to do?
The malfunction of the tear system is not a big deal in itself, but it is important to avoid superinfection. The right attitude: clean your child’s eye several times a day with serum ocular physiology, applied on a sterile compress. Then wipe the inner corner of the eye by making small rotations: this is often enough to unclog the lacrimal duct. The best thing to do is to ask your pharmacist or pediatrician for advice: he will show you the right things to do.
The recurrences are quite frequent: not very dangerous in the sense that your baby does not suffer, but the care to repeat regularly can on the other hand quickly become laborious … The good news, however: in most cases, tears disappear before the age Of 9 months! If they were to go beyond that, then you could consider a radical solution: a lachrymal duct (most often advised after the age of 1 year). It is a quick, painless and safe act performed under local anesthesia by an ophthalmologist. In about 95% of cases, this intervention is sufficient to cure the child completely. In other situations, the installation of a small probe under general anesthesia can be envisaged:
What if he had allergic conjunctivitis?
In addition to tearing, your baby’s eyes are all red? The problem then probably comes from conjunctivitis (inflammation of the conjunctiva, the thin membrane covering the eye). This disorder is much less frequent than the lacrimal duct obstruction, but it can still affect babies and children of all ages. It is allergic conjunctivitis: both eyes are affected, and the tears are clear. Other common symptoms of an allergic reaction are also often present: a cough, stuffy nose, scratching eyes, sneezing … Many different allergens can be involved, especially pollens and mites.
Conjunctivitis Allergic: the right attitude
In the majority of cases, allergic conjunctivitis is entirely benign and ceases of itself in the space of one to two days. In the meantime, you can clean your child’s eyes with physiological saline. However, it is advisable to consult a pediatrician if the symptoms persist beyond two days, become worse (e.g., yellowish discharge) or frequently recur, to obtain the appropriate treatment (example: antihistamine-based eye drops Or corticosteroids). An allergic test can also be carried out to determine the allergen responsibly and possibly to set up a desensitization protocol.
Infectious conjunctivitis: consultation is necessary
Rare than allergic conjunctivitis, the infectious conjunctiva remains a potential source of tearing. In this case, only one eye is affected: very red; it produces a purulent secretion, usually yellowish. Because of this, your child’s eyes may be “glued” on awakening … Infectious conjunctivitis is due to a virus, more rarely to a bacterium. It is advisable to consult: an analysis of the secretions will determine the exact nature of the responsible germ and to put in place the appropriate treatment. This is usually an antiseptic eye drop for viral conjunctivitis, or antibiotic eye drops for bacterial conjunctivitis. The treatment works well in a few days, but watch out for contagion: if it rubs your eyes, your child will have the germ on his hands and can pass it on to others by simple contact! You can also easily become infected by caregiving: to avoid this, wash your hands thoroughly after administering the treatment.
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