Why does baby have a white tongue?
Baby tongue? Two possible explanations: a single deposit of milk or a thrush. Fortunately, the latter is a minor infection and simple to treat.
Deposit of milk: how to recognize it?
After sucking or regurgitation, a small milk deposit can easily stay on the baby’s tongue. However, this deposit is not very adherent: it can also disappear alone between two feeds. If you gently rub your baby’s tongue with your finger, you should also be able to remove it quickly.
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What are the symptoms of thrush?
If the baby has a thrush, small white patches of varying size may be present not only on the tongue but also inside the cheeks, on the gums … Their appearance is reminiscent of curd or white cheese. You can try removing these stains by rubbing gently with your finger, but you will have many difficulties getting there. If you succeed, you will surely see that baby’s skin is very irritated underneath. Finally, it is also possible that the thrush is painful: baby then tends to cry when sucking but it is not systematic.
What is the cause of thrush?
A thrush is a form of candidiasis. In other words, it is a parasitic infection caused by a microscopic fungus (or yeast): Candida albicans. The latter is present naturally in the digestive system, but under certain conditions, its population increases too much, which causes candidiasis. Babies are predisposed to suffer from this kind of disorder because their immune system is still immature. The risks of developing candidiasis are further increased if the child is given antibiotic treatment (the “good” regulating bacteria of the digestive system can be destroyed by the drugs). Sometimes the disease is transmitted from mother to child if the mother is breastfeeding or delivers vaginally then that
The pediatrician will probably prescribe an oral antifungal medication in the form of gel to be applied to the affected areas for example. It is necessary to wash your hands well after use to avoid spreading the thrush! It also needs to regularly clean the teats and other objects that babily is likely to carry to his mouth. If you are breastfeeding, also wash your nipples and dry them well between two feedings. In general, everything returns to the order after about fifteen days.
Complications of thrush exist but are rarely relevant. Often, when treatment is delayed, the fungus can spread along the digestive tract to the anus. The result is mainly various gastrointestinal disorders (e.g., stomach ache, diarrhea ) and diaper rash, also called dermatitis of the seat: baby has the skin of the buttocks red and irritated. Sometimes seepage or pimples are also present. The pediatrician then usually prescribes an antifungal cream to be applied to the skin and gives some hygienic recommendations to calm the skin irritation (e.g., often changing the diaper, washing and drying the skin very gently, etc.). Warning: even if the symptoms disappear within a few days,
It is not so simple to prevent infant thrush … However, if your baby is receiving antibiotic treatment, it may be worthwhile to give him probiotics such as Lactobacillus rhamnose GG and Saccharomyces bollard: ask your pediatrician for advice. You can also limit the risk of recurrences by sterilizing anything that may have been in contact with the fungus (e.g., toys, cuddly toys, teats) in a pot of boiling water. That said, for a contaminated teat, the fastest solution is still to throw it away and buy another one …
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