He has a fever: when to worry?
All parents tend to worry as soon as their child has a fever. However, the increase in body temperature reveals a healthy functioning of the immune system. If fever is often a mild symptom, it should nevertheless be the subject of a medical consultation in some cases. Advice to follow in the event of fever in the baby.
What is a fever?
Fever is a natural process used by our immune system to fight against dangerous attacks. In fact, viruses and other pathogens that seek to colonize the organism do not develop rapidly in a warm environment whose temperature exceeds 37 ° C. Conversely, leukocytes, that is to say, the white blood cells involved in the immune response, are more active when the body temperature is close to 38 ° C. However, the effects of high fever (over 38.5 ° C) on the body may be significant, especially in young children. It can, in fact, cause convulsive seizures.
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When should you take the baby temperature?
It should be noted that many factors can affect the temperature. Also, the health authorities recommend to take the temperature:
- without food,
- During a period of calm,
- Ensuring that the child is not overly covered.
It is also advisable to repeat the measurement regularly as it often fluctuates in the smallest. In the case of high fever, take the temperature of your child every hour and note the measures to be able to communicate them to the pediatrician.
How much fever does he have?
The interpretation of the results of temperature in infants depends on the method used. From birth to the age of two years, the rectal administration should be preferred because it remains the most reliable. The temperature is then considered normal if it is between 36.6 ° and 38 ° C. Beyond that, your child has a fever. From 40 ° C, the baby is in extreme hyperthermia.
When to consult?
If fever is not a particularly worrying symptom in adults, it can have more serious consequences in the newborn and infant. This is why a temperature greater than 38 ° C should be a reason for urgent consultation if your baby is less than three months old. You should also contact your pediatrician if your child has a fever for more than 24 hours.
What to do to relieve baby?
While waiting for your appointment with the pediatrician, know that you can help reduce the fever of your child and ease his discomfort by:
- Dressing it more lightly,
- Making him drink regularly,
- Maintaining a temperature at 20 ° C in its chamber,
- Giving it a temperate bath if it seems to be there.
What to do in case of febrile convulsion?
A child with a high fever is at increased risk of having a seizure. This is called a febrile seizure. This is manifested by uncontrolled spasms and tremors, loss of consciousness and revulsion of the eyes. If this type of manifestation is particularly impressive, it usually lasts no more than a few tens of seconds during which it is imperative to ensure that the baby can not get hurt or fall out of bed. If it has a nipple in the mouth, remove it. An emergency medical consultation is nevertheless required even if the febrile convulsion does not have a grave consequence in children under five years.
What medications give it?
If there are many antipyretic substances sold without a prescription, only paracetamol is indicated for family use. The recommended dose is 60 mg/kg/day divided into 4 or 6 daily intakes. If your child weighs 10 kg, you will need to give him 150 mg of paracetamol every six hours, or 600 mg in total. To facilitate the administration of this type of medication in infants, there are drinkable solutions with dosing pipettes. Suppositories are also indicated for babies. In all cases, ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice.
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